How were children raised in Athens and Sparta?
Children were children of the state more than of their parents. They were raised to be soldiers, loyal to the state, strong and self-disciplined. When a Spartan baby was born, soldiers came to the house and examined it carefully to determine its strength.
How were the daughters of citizens educated in ancient Greece?
Except for the city-state of Sparta, Greek girls did not go to school. They were taught at home by their mothers. If their mother could read and write, they taught their girls how to do the same, as well as teaching them how to cook and sew and run a household.
What would the boys do in Athens?
Boys: Boys began drinking wine at the age of 3, and began school at 7. There they were taught math, to read and write and to play a musical instrument. Physical education was extremely important in Athens as well as Sparta, and sports included Archery, wrestling and swimming. More wealthy were taught to ride a horse.
Did Spartans really throw babies off cliffs?
Spartans had to prove their fitness even as infants. The ancient historian Plutarch claimed these “ill-born” Spartan babies were tossed into a chasm at the foot of Mount Taygetus, but most historians now dismiss this as a myth. To test their constitutions, Spartan infants were often bathed in wine instead of water.
Which was better Sparta or Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.
What 3 things did Athenian education promote?
The goal was that they would be educated enough to advance their society as they grew. They learned basic things like reading, writing and math.
What were slaves called in Sparta?
They were the helots, the subjugated and conquered people, the slaves of Sparta. Nobody knows exactly what the term “Helot” actually means. Some say it came from the village called Helos that was conquered by the angry Spartans.
What happens to unwanted Athenian babies?
When a Spartan baby was born, the soldiers took them away from their parents at the age of 7 for training them into a skilled warrior. While the babies who were unwanted were left to die in Apothetae. While the Athenian left their babies to die in open or otherwise were picked up by slaves.
Does the Spartan bloodline still exist?
Spartans are still there. So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years. People have the wrong idea when they talk about Sparta and the Spartans.
How many did the Spartan 300 kill?
The Truth Behind the Legend One of the all-time great stories of ancient history involved the defense of Thermopylae, when a narrow pass was held for three days against a vast Persian army by just 300 Spartans, 299 of whom perished. The lone survivor took the story back to his people.
Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?
The Spartans used to dispose of “imperfect” or weak babies by throwing them off of Mount Taygetus into a pit.
Did the Athens beat Sparta?
Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.
Did ancient Athenian girls go to school?
Greek boys went to school, but girls did not. Girls in wealthier families might have been taught to read but, most stayed at home and learned how to do housework.
What did Spartan boys taught?
Throughout their adolescent and teenage years, Spartan boys were required to become proficient in all manner of military activities. They were taught boxing, swimming, wrestling, javelin-throwing, and discus-throwing. They were trained to harden themselves to the elements.
Who did Sparta enslave?
Helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.
Are Spartans the greatest warriors?
Spartan warriors known for their professionalism were the best and most feared soldiers of Greece in the fifth century B.C. Their formidable military strength and commitment to guard their land helped Sparta dominate Greece in the fifth century.
What did Athenian girls do for fun?
Girls were able to attend festivals, funerals and sometimes visit neighbors. They were also called upon to take part in rituals. One ritual, known as aiora, took place every spring and was practiced to make up for the suicide of a legendary Athenian girl named Erigone and to prevent future suicides of young girls.
What happened to weak Spartan babies?
If a Spartan baby was judged to be unfit for its future duty as a soldier, it was most likely abandoned on a nearby hillside. Left alone, the child would either die of exposure or be rescued and adopted by strangers. Babies who passed inspection still didn’t have it easy.
Did Sparta ever lose a war?
The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.
How tall was the average Spartan?
The average spartan height is estimated to be 5’9 feet/ 180 cm/ 180 metters/ 70 Inches , so they weren’t exceptionally tall people. The main reference to the Spartans at war is in the Iliad, where they take an interest among the other Greek contingents.
How did Athenian democracy work for kids?
Athenian Democracy Rather than vote for representatives, like we do, each citizen was expected to vote for every law. They did have officials to run the government, however. Most of these officials were chosen by a lottery. So every citizen had a chance, regardless of their popularity or wealth, to become an official.
The helots were the slaves of the Spartans. Distributed in family groups across the landholdings of Spartan citizens in Laconia and Messenia, helots performed the labour that was the bedrock on which Spartiate leisure and wealth rested.
What were some of the main features of Athenian democracy?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
How did Pericles change Athenian democracy?
How did Pericles change Athenian democracy? He encouraged people to participate in government and paid public officials.
Is Athens or Sparta better?
Spartan warriors known for their professionalism were the best and most feared soldiers of Greece in the fifth century B.C. Their formidable military strength and commitment to guard their land helped Sparta dominate Greece in the fifth century. They considered service in the military as a privilege rather than duty.
How old were children in ancient Athens when they were born?
Most of the information known about these children and adolescents has been gleaned from mythology, art, poetry, theatre and history. Survival was very difficult for infants born in ancient Athens. Babies were not given a name until they were between 7 – 10 days old because the mortality rate was so high.
How did the ancient Athenians raise their sons?
Physical training or gymnastics was the most valued element of education for the Greeks, including the scholarly Athenians. Many fathers took special care to pick the best paidotribe (the gymnastics teacher) to train their sons. Physical training took place at a palaistra, a smaller version of the gymnasia.
Why did women have citizenship in ancient Athens?
This is evident in marriage in ancient Athens as its main purpose was the procreation of legitimate children as this ensured male offspring could participate in politics and also inherit, whilst female children were able to pass citizenship to their children.
How was the government chosen in ancient Athens?
Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens. Those 500 citizens had to actively serve in the government for one year. During that year, they were responsible for making new laws and controlled all parts of the political process.