How do you paraphrase with two authors?
- 1 Author. Include author’s last name and year of publication, separated by a comma, in parentheses:
- 2 Authors. Include last name of both authors, separated by the ampersand symbol (‘&’), and year of publication:
What if there is two authors in APA?
A Work by Two Authors Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses.
How do you write if there are two authors?
In-text citations of works by two authors should include the surnames of both authors separated by the word “and” or by an ampersand if using parenthesis.
Can you use two in-text citations when paraphrasing?
Each citation to a quotation should include a parenthetical page number, as well as the author of the quoted text and year of publication. If the paragraph subsequently paraphrases new information from a different location in the source, or from another source, additional citation in the paragraph is appropriate.
How many authors are needed to use et al?
Only when a work has six or more authors should the first in-text citation consist of the first author followed by et al. With five or fewer authors, all the author surnames should be spelled out at first mention.
How do you paraphrase without a date?
No Author and/or No Date Where you’d normally put the author’s last name, instead use the first one, two, or three words from the title. Don’t count initial articles like “A”, “An” or “The”. You should provide enough words to make it clear which work you’re referring to from your References List.
How do you cite a website with two authors?
If there are two authors, cite the the authors as follows (list authors in the order they are given on the page, not alphabetically): Last Name, First Name of First Author, and First Name Last Name of Second Author. Example: Smith, James, and Sarah Johnston.
What words are used to mean several authors?
“et al.” used to mean there are other authors, hence, it means there are several authors. When “et al.” is used, the name of the first author is given. For example, Cruz, R. et al.
How many citations is too many?
Using too many references does not leave much room for your personal standpoint to shine through. As a general rule, you should aim to use one to three, to support each key point you make. This of course depends on subject matter and the point you are discussing, but acts as a good general guide.
Do we need to cite paraphrasing?
Paraphrasing ALWAYS requires a citation. Even if you are using your own words, the idea still belongs to someone else. If you’re having trouble getting away from an author’s exact words, you might want to simply include her exact words as a quotation with proper citations.
Do you use et al for 2 authors?
A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. (Kernis et al., 1993) In et al., et should not be followed by a period.
Do you use et al for 3 authors?
The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018). When should I include a page number in an APA in-text citation?
How do you paraphrase a date?
These are four tricks you can apply to help you do so.
- Start your first sentence at a different point from that of the original source.
- Use synonyms (words that mean the same thing)
- Change the sentence structure (e.g. from active to passive voice)
- Break the information into separate sentences.
How long can a paraphrase be APA?
You can use a combination in one sentence. You can directly quote several short phrases (that are each, e.g., only 3 or 4 words long) and paraphrase around those.
How do you cite a book with two authors in APA?
Book with Two Authors or Editors If you are dealing with two editors instead of two authors, you would simply insert the names of the editors into the place where the authors’ names are now, followed by “(Eds.)” without the quotation marks (see the Example). The rest of the format would remain the same.
How do you introduce a source with multiple authors?
Sources with two authors List the authors’ last names in the sentence and put the page number in parentheses at the end. Alternatively, list the authors’ last names and the page number in parentheses at the end (see page 116 of the MLA 8th ed). For example: Russell and Winterbottom state in their introduction that ….
How do you mention multiple authors in a paper?
Citing an Author or Authors. A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses.
What is a good number of citations?
With 10 or more citations, your work is now in the top 24% of the most cited work worldwide; this increased to the top 1.8% as you reach 100 or more citations. Main take home message: the average citation per manuscript is clearly below 10!
Why is self-citation bad?
But excessive self-citation can be considered rather crass and unprofessional, and in some cases is unethical. Anyhow, in some cases, self-citation (even excessive self-citation) may be valid and forgivable. For example, if you are in a restricted field of research, self-citation may be unavoidable.
What should you not cite?
When NOT to Cite
- Common knowledge (2,3). Common knowledge includes facts that are found in many sources.
- Generally accepted or observable facts (2,4). When a fact is generally accepted or easily observable, you do not need a citation.
- Original ideas and lived experiences (4).
How do you cite if there are 2 authors?
If a work has two authors, separate their names with an ampersand (&) in a parenthetical citation or “and” in a narrative citation. If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”.
How do you list multiple authors?
- 2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found…
- 6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.
How do you write a book with two authors?
10 Great Tips on How to Write a Book With a Co-Author
- Suppress your ego.
- Edit each other’s work.
- Trust each other.
- Put the book away for a time and come back to it.
- Pick Your Battles.
- But Fight For What You Want.
- Keep Challenging Each Other.
- Strike the Right Balance.
Can I cite the same source multiple times?
If you are citing them in-text more than once, and you are referring to the same source each time, then you can simply reuse that same in-text reference with a single entry on your references page at the end. If you are citing the same author, but from different sources, you may have to take a different approach.
When do you paraphrase, do you quote or cite?
Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time, rather than directly quoting the sources; student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase, cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.
What kind of paraphrasing do you use in APA?
APA style prefers you paraphrase information from other sources, and that you keep direct quotations to a minimum. Paraphrases are restatements of written or spoken language in your own words.
What does it mean to paraphrase someone else’s words?
Revised on March 9, 2021. Paraphrasing means formulating someone else’s ideas in your own words. To paraphrase a source, you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text. Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting, where you copy someone’s exact words and put them in quotation marks.
Which is the correct way to paraphrase a source?
How to paraphrase sources. Paraphrasing means formulating someone else’s ideas in your own words. To paraphrase a source, you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text. Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting, where you copy someone’s exact words and put them in quotation marks.